Rare Earth alb-MOFs: From Synthesis to Their Deployment for Amine-Sensing Application in Aqueous Media

by Bayan Al-Mohammadi, Jian-Xin Wang, Hao Jiang, Prakash Parvatkar, Aleksander Shkurenko, Prashant Bhatt, Nada Y. Tashkandi, Osama Shekhah, Omar F. Mohammed, Mohamed Eddaoudi, Dalal Alezi
Year: 2024 DOI: DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c16302


The pursuit of developing sensors, characterized by their fluorescence-intensity enhancement or “turn-on” behavior, for accurately detecting noxious small molecules, such as amines, at minimal levels remains a significant challenge. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as promising candidates as sensors as a result of their diverse structural features and tunable properties. This study introduces the rational synthesis of a new highly coordinated (6,12)-connected rare earth (RE) alb-MOF-3, by combining the nonanuclear 12-connected hexagonal prismatic building units, [RE9(μ3-O)2(μ3-X)12(OH)2(H2O)7(O2C−)12], with the 6-connected rigid trigonal prismatic extended triptycene ligand. The resulting Y-alb-MOF-3 material is distinguished by its high microporosity and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area of approximately 1282 m2/g, which offers notable hydrolytic stability. Remarkably, it demonstrates selective detection capabilities for primary aliphatic amines in aqueous media, as evidenced by fluorescence turn-on behavior and photoluminescence (PL) titration measurements. This work emphasizes the potential of MOFs as sensors in advancing their selectivity and sensitivity toward various analytes.