Metal–Organic Frameworks Meet Molecularly Imprinted Polymers: Insights and Prospects for Sensor Applications

by Abdellatif Ait Lahcen, Sandeep Surya, Tutku Beduk, Mani Teja Vijjapu, Abderrahman Lamaoui, Ceren Durmus, Suna Timur, Osama Shekhah, Veerappan Mani, Aziz Amine, Mohamed Eddaoudi
Year: 2022 DOI:


The use of porous materials as the core for synthesizing molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) adds significant value to the resulting sensing system. This review covers in detail the current progress and achievements regarding the synergistic combination of MIPs and porous materials, namely metal/covalent–organic frameworks (MOFs/COFs), including the application of such frameworks in the development of upgraded sensor platforms. The different processes involved in the synthesis of MOF/COF-MIPs are outlined, along with their intrinsic properties. Special attention is paid to debriefing the impact of the morphological changes that occur through the synergistic combination compared to those that occur due to the individual entities. Thereafter, the strategies used for building the sensors, as well as the transduction modes, are overviewed and discussed. This is followed by a full description of research advances for various types of MOF/COF-MIP-based (bio)sensors and their applications in the fields of environmental monitoring, food safety, and pharmaceutical analysis. Finally, the challenges/drawbacks, as well as the prospects of this research field, are discussed in detail.


Metal-organic framework covalent-organic framework moleculary imprinted polymers biosensors chemical sensors solid-phase extraction