The quest for modular nanocages: Tbo -MOF as an archetype for mutual substitution, functionalization, and expansion of quadrangular pillar building blocks
byJ.F. Eubank, H. Mouttaki, A.J. Cairns, Y. Belmabkhout, L. Wojtas, R. Luebke, M. Alkordi, M. Eddaoudi
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (36), 14204-14207, (2011)
A new blueprint network for the design and synthesis of porous, functional 3D metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) has been identified, namely, the tbo net. Accordingly, tbo-MOFs based on this unique (3,4)-connected net can be exclusively constructed utilizing a combination of well-known and readily targeted [M(R-BDC)] n MOF layers [i.e., supermolecular building layers (SBLs)] based on the edge-transitive 4,4 square lattice (sql) (i.e., 2D four-building units) and a novel pillaring strategy based on four proximal isophthalate ligands from neighboring SBL membered rings (i.e., two pairs from each layer) covalently cross-linked through an organic quadrangular core (e.g., tetrasubstituted benzene). Our strategy permits the rational design and synthesis of isoreticular structures, functionalized and/or expanded, that possess extra-large nanocapsule-like cages, high porosity, and potential for gas separation and storage, among others. Thus, tbo-MOF serves as an archetypal tunable, isoreticular MOF platform for targeting desired applications.